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Breeders need to meet legal and ethical standards in most developed countries; though requirements vary in different jurisdictions. Developed countries (eg. UK, USA, Australia) license dog breeders, and set down requirements such as how animals should be housed, handled and minimum veterinary care. Legislative restrictions also apply to taking, keeping and movement of wildlife.
The scope of work here is affected heavily by the regulations, as they relate to the species and breeds which are dealt with. Breeders may facilitate natural or artificial methods to induce pregnancy. Animals then must be cared for during and post pregnancy. Some jobs may be highly technical (eg. artificial insemination), and other tasks may be routine (eg. feeding and exercising animals).
Work may involve:
Career generally start with a strong interest in animals. This may be through being around pets or farm animals at home; or becoming involved with amateur groups (eg. a kennel club, birdwatching group or young farmers organisation).
As interest and networking develop, knowledge and passion can grow, leading to opportunities. There may be a natural progression to working with animals, whether in an amateur or professional capacity; and in due course formal or informal learning.
Top breeders need to understand biological processes and genetics that underpin breeding in captivity, and conservation of species and genetic diversity in the wild. Leading experts may learn a lot of what they need to know on the job; or may undertake formal courses at colleges or universities. There are many ways to progress your career as a breeder: