ACS Online Training | Over 500 courses available to study online now!
The pancreas is actually a gland organ that produces both hormones and digestive enzymes and is located in the upper abdomen beneath the stomach. Insulin is not the only hormone produced by the Pancreas, it also produces glucagon which regulates the amount of glucose stored in the liver. The two hormones work antagonistically - insulin will lower the amount of glucose in the blood and increase the amount stored in the liver, while glucagon will work to increase the blood sugar levels when they are insufficient.
When not enough insulin is made or the insulin is not used appropriately by the body the condition is called Diabetes Mellitus. In diabetes the glucose accumulates in the blood and is eventually passed out in the urine, wasting an important fuel. The accumulated blood sugar can also damage many of the body’s systems such as heart, nerves, kidneys, eyes and also blood vessels.
Types of diabetes
There are 3 main types of diabetes, Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes: