Learn to Construct things from wood
Throughout this module it is intended that we shall guide you through the understanding of different types of timber, ways of using and finishing timber, through to your own woodwork project. Along the way we shall review different types of joints and ways of cutting timber and both indoor and outdoor construction techniques. The course will enlighten both amateurs and professionals alike.
Hone Your Woodworking Skills
This course is a foundation course in carpentry techniques.
Learn about different types of timber and laminates, how to use different tools, and practical skills from cutting and joining to finishing timber.
Put what you learn into practice through woodwork projects built into the course.
You will learn important aspects of carpentry to develop practical skills as a:
- Home renovator
- Property Manager
- ...and more
Your skills can be applied to landscaping, building construction, furniture making, fencing, or any other relevant application.
The purpose of this course is to provide a balanced and broad understanding of wood work through the exploration of a range of applications.
This course is not a substitute for the practical instruction that is gained through apprenticeships, internships, or other such experience.
This course has ten lessons as follows:
- Scope and Nature of Carpentry
- Carpentry Tools, Equipment, Materials and Safety
- Cutting and Joining Timber
- Small Carpentry Projects
- Outside Construction
- Constructing Small Buildings
- Understanding House Construction
- Handyman Repair Work
- Finishing Wood
- Planning and Setting Out a Project
At the end of each lesson you will have a short Self Assessment Test to complete, a rang of set tasks, and an assignment to submit to your tutor for feedback.
- Describe the scope and nature of carpentry; differentiate between different timber products, and discuss the appropriate use of each.
- Describe all significant carpentry tools and identify appropriate uses for each. Identify and manage risk in a carpentry workplace.
- Describe a range of different techniques for cutting wood in a variety of different situations.
- Describe and compare different techniques for joining wood.
- Undertake a small carpentry project.
- Explain construction of different things in an outdoor situation with wood; including fences, furniture and retaining walls
- Explain the construction of different types of small buildings which are constructed mainly with wood; including garden sheds, gazebos and cubbies.
- Explain a range of common carpentry tasks that a handyman may need to undertake in routine maintenance and repair work.
- Explain a range of different techniques for finishing wood.
- Determine an appropriate approach for planning a timber construction project.
- Explain how a site should be set out in preparation for a construction project.
SAMPLE COURSE EXTRACT
Making a simple 2-door cupboard
For this project we are going to look at making a simple two door free-standing cupboard using plywood or MDF for the panels, shelves, and doors, and softwood or hardwood timber for the edging, face frame, and beading. We shall include two inside shelves though you could adjust this to suit your needs. The shelves will be set on pins which can be moved up or down using drilled holes to adjust the height of the shelves. The doors will be of plywood and you can add beading to the front for decoration (though you could make framed doors with an inside panel if you prefer so that the timber matches the front frame and edges).
What you need for the carcass and dimensions:
- Side panels x 2 (35¼ x 16 x ¾) (895mm x 406mm x 19mm)
- Back panel x 1 (33 x 31¼ x ¼) (838mm x 794 x 6.35mm)
- Top panel x 1 (32 x 17½ x ¾) (813mm x 445mm x 19mm)
- Bottom panel x 1 (30½ x 15¾ x ¾) (775mm x 400mm x 19mm)
- Shelves x 2 (30⅜ x 15½ x ¾) (771.5mm x 394mm x 19mm)
- Side edging x 2 (18¼ x 1½ x ¾) (464mm x 38mm x 19mm)
- Front edging x 1 (33½ x 1½ x ¾) (851mm x 38mm x 19mm)
- Cleats x 2 (30½ x 4 x ¾) (775mm x 100mm x 19mm)
- Face frame top rail x 1 (29 x 2 x ¾) (736.6mm x 50mm x 19mm)
- Face frame bottom rail x 1 (29 x 1½ x ¾) (736.6mm x 38mm x 19mm)
- Face frame side rails x 2 (35¼ x 1½ x ¾) (895mmx 38mm x 19mm)
For the doors:
- Doors x 2 (32¾ x 14⅞ x ¾) (832mm x 378mm x 19mm)
- Beading x 8 (your
Step 1 - Cut the Boards
The first thing to do is to cut the plywood to size for the various parts (top, bottom, sides, shelves, doors and cleats; which will support the top). You then need to cut a rebate groove into the inside edges of the two side panels using a router with a ⅜ (.3750mm) inch rabbet bit. This way, the back panel will slot into the side panels. You could, alternatively, attach the back panel directly to the end panels in which case you'll need to make it slightly wider.
Step 2 - Drill Holes for Shelf Pins
Drill holes on the inside of the two end pieces so that they match up. You'll need two columns on each end piece so that the inside shelves are supported on four corners by moveable shelf pins. You could use a drill guide attached to a drill to do this, or line both ends next to each other on the bench top and mark out the rows using a square and straight edge.
Step 3 - Secure the Bottom
Drill and screw the bottom panel to the sides so that it is around three inches from ground level. Pre-drill countersunk holes on an angle through the ends of the base into the sides from underneath to do this.
Step 4 - Complete the Carcass
Position the two cleats towards front and rear of the top of the two sides and screw flush to the tops of the sides using a couple of screws at each end (each cleat being 100mm (four inches) wide). Position and secure the back panel using nails.
Glue and nail the face frame rails onto the carcass. The top of the bottom rail will be flush with the bottom panel and the bottom of it will be above ground level (the bottom of the face frame side rails forming short legs). The top and bottom face rails sit inside the side rails. The side frame rails will be rebated on the inside upright edge to fit into the side panels. Once again, you could sit the rails onto the end panels if you are unable to cut out the rebates.
Attach the wooden edging to the front and sides of the top panel and secure it on top of the carcass screwing into the cleats from underneath.
Step 5 - Hang the Doors
Cut beading for the front of the doors. To do this, you can cut the ends using a mitre block so that you have four pieces of beading on each door face forming a rectangular shape equidistant from the edge of each door.
Attach two self-closing type hinges to the doors spaced one near the top and one near the bottom so that they line up. Screw the doors to the face frame using the hinges so that there is a slight gap between the doors (approximately 0.125mm (⅛ inch)).
You could glue on veneer to the front of the two shelves in keeping with your frame.
Carpentry Skills for Landscaping
Wood is a significant building material for landscaping. It is often used to construct fences, garden furniture, buildings (eg. sheds, gazebos); pergolas, and playground equipment. It is sometimes used for other construction as well: from retaining walls to paving.
Landscapers who can work with wood will not only be able to build things; but through a better understanding of timber construction, they will be better garden designers.
How Can This Course Help Me?
This course is designed to be of benefit to people who are interested in learning how to work with timber whether professionally or for personal benefit. It will also be of value to those who use carpentry in day-to-day work or business roles.
Take this course if you would like to:
Find ways to improve an existing business which involves carpentry.
Enhance your employability in carpentry-related businesses.
Improve your knowledge of woodwork techniques.
Develop skills for freelance carpentry or handyman work.
This course may be studied by itself or along with other 100-hour modules as part of a learning package.