NATURE PARK MANAGEMENT
Learn about plants, animals, ecology and skills needed to work in
zoos, wildlife parks, wilderness areas, land conservation etc.
Develop foundation skills and knowledge in the management of
practical aspects of nature parks including plant identification,
assessment of degraded sites, nature park design, erosion control, weed
control and tree surgery.
These are areas of study important to nature park management but rarely covered in other courses.
This course is designed for people who want to work in nature/national parks and reserves in technical positions. In this course you will learn about the ecology of national parks, their importance for species conservation, key maintenance issues and rehabilitation techniques.
There are 12 lessons in this module as follows:
1. Introduction to Nature Parks
- Role of nature parks
- National parks
- Zoos and wildlife parks
- Role of community groups in nature parks
- Using indigenous plants
- Benefits of indigenous remnant vegetation
- Naturalised plants
- Plant identification: plant reviews
2. Basic Ecology
- Ecology and its application
- Constituents of an ecosystem: biotic and abiotic
- Ecosystem function
- Heterotrophic vs, autotrophic
- Ecological concepts
- Ecology relationships
- Climatic zones
- Climate: soil: vegetation interrelationships
- Plant association
- Living things
- Classification of animals
- Plant classification
- Using keys
- Botanical families for different genera: a framework for identifying plants
3. Soil Management in Nature Parks
- Soil Management Overview
- Earthworks in nature parks
- Soil degradation
- Causes, types and control of erosion
- Sources of salinity
- Control methods for soil salinity
- Soil acidification, and causes
- Compaction of soil
- Chemical residues
- Soil and plant growth
- Naming the soil
- Improving soils
- Sampling soils
- Nutrient availability and pH
- Fertilizers and nutrient components
4. Plant Maintenance
- Plant maintenance in nature parks
- Plant selection
- Economics of planting
- Ongoing costs
- Aesthetic criteria for plant selection
- Natural gardening techniques
- Using hardy, pest free plants
- Planting for a succession
- Equipment: a more sustainable and natural approach
- Avoiding problem materials
- Disposing of waste
- Planting procedure
- Staking plants
- When to plant
- Machinery for park maintenance: overview
5. Design of Nature Parks I
- Nature park design
- Landscaping procedure
- Pre planning information
- Landscape plans
- Design procedure
6. Design of Nature Parks II
- Designing animal enclosures
- Cages and pens
- Open range enclosures
- Designing and siting animal enclosures
- Specifications and contracts
7. Weed Management in Nature Parks
- Characteristics of weeds
- Weed control options
- Chemical control
- Biological control
- Non chemical control
- Plants which take over
- Environmental weeds
8. Pest and Disease Management
- Pest and disease control: chemical and non chemical
- Using chemicals safely
- Understanding plant pathology
- How to inspect plants for suspected problems
- Insect biology and classification
- Laws related to chemical use
- Types of poisons
- Understanding toxicity
- Review of main types of plant pests
- Review of common fungal problems affecting plants
9. Culture of Indigenous Plants
- Growing indigenous plants in nature park
- Plant establishment: direct planting, direct seeding, natural regeneration
- Planting design
- Planting techniques: pocket planting, slope serration, wattling, planting arid sites, direct seeding, spray seeding
10. Tree Management in Nature Parks
- The role of trees
- Tree maintenance plan
- Arboriculture (overview)
- Safety for tree surgery
- Tree surgery techniques
11. Turf Care in Nature Parks
- Choosing turf grasses
- Feature lawns
- Picnic areas
- Areas for sport, gardens, parks
- Establishing a new lawn
- Review of turf varieties
- Turf maintenance procedures
12. Rehabilitation Problems and Solutions
- Land rehabilitation in nature parks
- Site plan information needed
- Site management plan
- Soil problems on degraded sites
- Dry areas, overcoming dry soils, managing sandy soils
- What causes wet areas
- Overcoming problems with wet areas
- Factors affecting rehabilitation: debris, mass plantings, water, topsoil, exotic organisms
On completion of the course you should be able to do the following:
- Explain the importance of the interrelationships between various components of a natural environment within an ecosystem.
- Develop management strategies for soils within a natural ecosystem.
- Develop management strategies for plant maintenance practices, in nature parks.
- Design a nature park, or a section within a nature park.
- Develop management strategies for the control of weed problems in a nature park.
- Develop management strategies for the rehabilitation of degraded sites in a nature park.
WHAT YOU WILL DO IN THIS COURSE
Here are just some of the things you may be doing:
- Differentiate between different categories or types of nature parks.
- Determine thirty living components of a specific ecosystem, studied by you.
- Determine ten non-living components of a specific ecosystem, studied by you.
- Prepare a labelled diagram to illustrate the interrelationships between at least fifteen different components of an ecosystem.
- Explain the possible impact of removing two different specified organisms from a specified ecosystem.
- Explain the potential impact of adding non indigenous organisms, to a specified ecosystem.
- Explain how different soil characteristics can impact upon an ecosystem.
- Describe the physical characteristics of at least three different soils, which are of significant to the stability of their ecosystems.
- Assess aspects of soil dynamics on a site, including: -Topography -Soil life -Susceptibility to degradation -Sunlight (canopy penetration).
- Compare the likely implications of using three different types of fertilisers, including:
- Benefit to plants -Method of use -Environmental impact.
- Explain the use of different soil conditioners including: -pH modifiers -Ameliorants -Organic matter.
- Determine the plant maintenance requirements of a specific nature park visited and assessed by you.
- Develop guidelines for the care of new plantations in a nature park visited by you.
- Compare the suitability of three different types of grass cutting equipment, for mowing a specific park.
- Compare the likely environmental impact of different types of pesticides used on a specific site.
- Determine the significance to plant populations, of containment of different outpus, on a specified site, including: -water runoff -chemical spray drift -effluent -pollutants.
- Prepare a plant collection of sixty plants.
- Determine categories of landscape developments which are carried out in different types of nature parks, including: -Wildlife Reserves -Zoos -Sanctuaries -National Parks -Forest Reserves -Vegetation corridors.
- Evaluate the designs of two different sections, of different nature parks, against given criteria.
- Collect pre-planning information for the development of a site, within a nature park.
- Prepare two concept plans for a nature park development, including: existing features -clear labeling -legend -scale -north indicator.
- Compare features of two nature park concept plans.
- Plan the construction of a landscape development within a nature park, including: -materials lists (types and quantities of materials); -plan of proposed landscape development; -list of manpower and equipment requirements; -a work schedule.
- Estimate the cost of construction in accordance with a specified landscape plan.
- Estimate the cost of maintaining a specified section of a park, for a three month period.
- Explain the impact of weeds on two natural environments in the learners locality, using examples.
- Prepare a weed collection, of twenty different weeds.
- Describe two different weed problems, in two different nature parks.
- Explain five different weed seed dispersal mechanisms, for weed species collected.
- Compare alternative control methods for a specified weed problem.
- Select appropriate control methods for ten different specified weed problems.
- Develop guidelines for weed control, in a nature park inspected by you.
- Develop a management plan to reinstate indigenous flora on a specific site.
- Explain the causes of three specified types of site degradation.
- Describe five different techniques for controlling site degradation.
- Describe five different techniques for repairing site degradation.
- Describe degraded sites at two different natural areas, you inspect.
- Prepare construction details for work to be undertaken in the rehabilitation of a degraded site you inspect.
- Develop a management plan for a degraded site, in a natural area you visit.
Duration: 100 hrs
- Ensure your skills are up to date, by pursuing further studies or attending professional development activities.
- Keep up to date with what's happening in the field of Nature Park Management. What are the most pressing issues and where is there likely to be more work?
- Join a networking group to meet people who are working in the field.
- Get some experience. Whether paid or unpaid, experience will always make your CV look more impressive and give you some practical knowledge to apply in your interview.
HOW THIS COURSE CAN HELP YOU
Nature parks and reserves make up a significant amount of land in and
around most major cities. They are important areas that preserve the
natural flora and fauna of local areas and are intended to save them
from development. However, nature parks are designated areas for members
of the public to visit and make the most of nature. They therefore need
to be managed to preserve them for future generations to enjoy. This
course helps students to develop an appreciation of strategies and
designs that can be implemented to maintain and enhance nature parks.
This course will be of interest to people working, or aspiring to work in:
- National parks and nature reserves
- Botanical parks and gardens
- Land management